INTRODUCTION

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Ibn Khaldun is a great philosopher who lived in North Africa in the 14th century and well known by the whole world. He was especially interested in history, philosophy of history, sociology and political sciences, and thus winning the approval of the East and West by the original thoughts he set forth on these fields. He is regarded as the founder of sociology science alongside his historiography and statesmanship. In addition to Islamic Sufism, he made impressive evaluations on the creation and development of religious science in Islamic thought. Civilisation (Umran) Theory, Asabiyyah Theory and Theory of Circulation of State which Ibn Khaldun set forth in his masterpiece, “Muqaddimah”, has been carefully handled and emphasised in the West especially since 19th century.

In the history of philosophy, by Ibn Khaldun for the first time, history has been handled as a philosophical discipline and its scientific basis started to be searched. Ibn Khaldun set forth original thoughts on the reasons of emergence, growth and collapse of societies, historical phenomenon and manifestation of these on communal living. He propounded some opinions on concepts and problems of various branches of science, their chapters and subjects handled in these chapters and methods. The subject of history and sociology is especially human and his communal life; and the material of history and sociology is historical and observable social phenomenon. This historical material provides Ibn Khaldun to create a state theory. In Ibn Khaldun’s theory of history and society, from the foundation to collapse, all the processes that the state in, are linked by chain of causation.

The aim of the conference, by congregating academicians and researchers who are studying on İbn Khaldun, to produce scholarly knowledge related to the subject, to set forth new standpoints and evaluation by discussing Ibn Khaldun’s thoughts on the solution of today’s problems.

Hitit Üniversitesi İlahiyat Fakültesi

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